Orchestra of the Century

Orchestra of the Century

Reminder: Study your textbook listening guides as you listen to the music. This will assist you greatly in writing an informed answer.
1. List five of the more notable composers from this time period (1825-1912). (See text)

2. In what ways was the orchestra of the nineteenth(19th) century different from the eighteenth(18th) century?

3. What musical careers emerged during the Romantic period?

4. Listen to (#63)”Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in D Minor” by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel

5. Why is this considered “absolute” music?

6. Listen to (#64)”How Lovely is Thy Dwelling Place” by Johannes Brahms

7. Why is this considered “program” music?

8. Listen to (#65)”Prelude, Op. 28, No. 6 in B minor” by Frederick Chopin

9. This is “absolute” music. But do you think it could produce ‘images’ of one kind or another for the listener, depending on the listener’s mood? If so, what images come to your mind?

10. Listen to (#66) “An Sylvia” (“Who Is Sylvia”) by Franz Schubert [see English translation in text Listening Guide]

11. Is the poem about Sylvia accurately expressed in music? Why?

12. Listen to (#68)”Piano Concerto no. 2 in C Minor (1)(excerpt)” by Sergei Rachmaninoff

13. This composer is Russian, and it is based on a Russian Folk Song. What about the sound of this is different than the other examples? Describe as best you can.

14. For the Romeo and Juliet Overture, by another Russian composer, Piotr Il’ych Tchaikovsky, you may listen to (#67) in our textbook: “Romeo And Juliet (excerpt)”. However, you may wish to skip this and watch this video of a performance of the overture by an excellent, professional Russian orchestra. You will see the entire performance of one of the most popular compositions in all of nineteenth century orchestral music! I encourage you to use the guide as you watch the first part of the video.This is the State Symphony Orchestra of Tatarstan, Russia, (It is separated into two links according to You Tube policies) The entire performance is about 22 minutes. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-hvNB0GBDE&feature=related (part 1) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLTjdnZczB0&feature=related (part 2)

15. I am assuming we all know the story of Romeo and Juliet as told in William Shakespeare’s play. If not, please ‘Google’ the story. This Concert Overture is written to express musically the story line of the play; i.e. the feuding families, the two young lovers and the tragic ending. As with last week, I want your written essay response (125-150 words; or more) to this performance to come from your artistic, aesthetic and emotional feelings and observations..

Orchestra of the Century

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