Global Ban on Nuclear Weapons
tudents are required to write a research paper on the question: Should the international community adopt and implement a global ban on nuclear weapons? The paper should be at least ten full pages, not including the cover page (title of the paper, student name, course name, and date) and references page (list of sources cited in parenthetical citations in the paper). None of the information required on the cover page should be included on any other page of the paper. There should be no running header in this paper. Students should carefully read and follow all of the paper guidelines listed below. The paper is due on Monday, June 28, 2021. The papers should be emailed to the instructor as either a Word document or a shared Google document. The paper is worth up to 100 points. At least one week prior to the due date, students are strongly encouraged to ask the instructor for feedback regarding their draft papers. The score for the paper will be posted in MyGrades on Blackboard. Points will be deducted for late submissions of the paper. The paper is evaluated on the basis of the writing assignment scoring rubric (see rubric at the end of the syllabus). The paper should include the following five sections, each of which should be clearly labeled and bolded in the paper:
I. Introduction (1 to 2 pages) – This section should consist of a summary of the origins and development of nuclear weapons by countries since the 1940s and the main international or multilateral efforts to regulate the development, testing, and possession of nuclear weapons since the end of the Second World War, including the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in July 2017. In this paper, you do not need to provide information about the bilateral arms control agreements between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Please properly cite all appropriate sources of information used in this section of the paper. At least three different professional sources must be used in this section of the paper. Do not express your opinions about nuclear weapons in any of the sections of the paper, except for the conclusion section. Do not refer to names of scholars or authors in this section of the paper. Do not summarize articles or books in this section of the paper.
II. Literature Review (3 to 4 pages) – This section should consist of a summary of the main points or arguments made by three or more scholars regarding the possibility of a global ban on nuclear weapons. The summaries must be based on scholarly articles that are provided on the course’s Blackboard site, which include peer-reviewed, scholarly articles published in academic journals. Do not summarize or refer to any other sources of information in this section of the paper. After summarizing the main points or arguments made by the scholars, please discuss the areas of agreement and/or disagreement among the scholars. Please do not mention the titles of the articles or the publications in the text of this section of the paper. This information should be provided on the references page. At the start of each summary, you should directly refer to the full name of the scholar (and the year in which the scholarly article was published in parentheses). After you have referred to the full name of the author and the publication year at the start of each summary, you do not need to further cite the scholarly article. This is the only section of the paper in which you should directly refer to scholars or summarize scholarly articles.
III. Positions (3 to 4 pages) – This section should consist of a description of the official positions held by at least three different countries regarding the TPNW, including an explanation of official positions expressed by the governments or government officials of those countries regarding the treaty. Please properly cite all appropriate sources of information used in this section of the paper. At least six different professional sources must be used in this section of the paper. Do not refer to the names of scholars or authors in this section of the paper. Do not summarize articles or books in this section of the paper.
IV. Critical Analysis (2 to 3 pages) – This section should consist of a critical analysis of the official positions held by governments and government officials regarding the TPNW. Your analysis should include an explanation of why each of the governments has taken the position that it has taken regarding the TPNW. In other words, what are the political and other factors that are influencing the government’s decision regarding the TPNW? Please properly cite all appropriate sources of information used in this section of the paper. At least three different professional sources must be used in this section of the paper. Do not refer to the names of scholars or authors in this section of the paper. Do not summarize articles or books in this section of the paper.
V. Conclusion (1 to 2 pages) – This section should consist of a summary of what you learned in the writing assignment, as well as an explanation of your perspective about the question of whether the international community should adopt and implement a global ban on nuclear weapons?
1. Formatting – The entire paper should be double-spaced (2.0), Times New Roman 12 pt. font, and one inch margins on all sides (top, bottom, left, and right). Do not include any headers or footers in this paper. The entire paper should be left-justified. Do not include any additional spacing between paragraphs within a section of the paper. Students should carefully check the formatting, including line-spacing, font type and size, and margins, on your document before submitting the paper.
2. Quotations – Quotations should be used sparingly and when used, they should be limited to just a few words at a time directly attributed to a specific individual or organization. Quotations of one or more full sentences, including block quotations, are not allowed in this paper. Students may not under any circumstances insert unattributed quotations into the paper. Unattributed quotations are quoted words that are inserted into a paper without directly attributing the words to a specific individual or organization. All attributed quotations in the paper must also be properly cited using parenthetical citations or footnotes (see guidelines for Citations below).
3. Sources – The total number of sources used in this paper is based on the minimum number of sources required for each of the five sections of the paper. Students may only use scholarly and other professional sources of information, both primary and secondary, in this paper. Students are also encouraged to use primary sources of information, such as international treaties, official government documents, and organizational reports, in the paper. Secondary sources of information, such as scholarly articles, published essays, and news articles, may be used in the paper if they have an identifiable author (John Smith) and publication year (2015) or an identifiable organization (BBC News) and publication date (December 15, 2015). Students should not cite information from dictionaries, encyclopedia, and other online reference resources, such as Wikipedia.com, InfoPlease.com, FactMonster.com, and History.com, in this paper.
4. Plagiarism – Students will receive zero  points if any one or more sentences in the paper are copied-and-pasted from a source on the Internet or elsewhere. Students will also receive zero  points if the paper contains one or more sentences that are largely copied from a source with some of the words changed. There is no excuse for plagiarism, and therefore, students who plagiarize will not be given the opportunity to resubmit the paper.
5. Proofreading – All papers should be proof-read for grammar, spelling, and other writing errors. The writing style should be formal and professional throughout the entire paper. Among other informal writing practices, please do not use contractions such as don’t or doesn’t in this paper. Please refer to the Second World War as the “Second World War” or “World War II,” but not “WWII”. Please do not refer to nuclear weapons as “nukes” in this paper. After the first mention of the United States or United States of America, please use the abbreviated term “U.S.” Same for the United Kingdom (UK) and United Nations (UN). After the first mention of treaties such as the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, please use the abbreviated term for that treaty (e.g. TPNW).
6. Citations – All sources with identifiable authors or organizations and publication years or dates should be cited at the end of a sentence or the paragraph using parenthetical citations. The Political Science Style Manual, which is similar to Chicago Style Manual, is the recommended citation style in this writing assignment (see pages 37-40 in the Political Science Style Manual). Students may not use Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style in this paper since it is primarily used in the humanities, not the social sciences. Parenthetical citations should only contain the author’s last name and publication year – e.g. (Johnson 2015). In the case of news articles or reports published by organizations, the parenthetical citation should contact the name of the organization and the full date of the article or report – e.g. (BBC News, June 15, 2015). Under no circumstance should an internet address be inserted into a parenthetical citation – e.g. (UN.org). Citations of primary sources, such as international treaties, government documents, and organizational reports, should generally be cited using footnotes, especially if there is no identifiable author and publication date. For footnotes, all of the information regarding the source should be provided in the footnote the first time that the source is cited in the paper. Each subsequent time the source is cited, only some information regarding the source needs to be provided in the footnote. If a source’s date includes a month/day and year, the full date should be included in the footnote. Below are examples of appropriate citations of an international agreement using footnotes.
(1) Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, March 5, 1970, United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs – UNODA, New York, NY, https://www.un.org/disarmament/wmd/nuclear/npt/).
(2) Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, March 5, 1970.
7. References – At the end of the paper, all sources of information cited in parenthetical citations should be listed in alphabetical order on the References page, including the author’s full last name/first name or the formal name of the organization, publication year or date of the source, the title of the article or document, the name of the publication, and page numbers (see pages 41-55 in the Political Science Style Manual). For scholarly articles obtained from the internet, a short version of the URL (uniform resource locater) or the DOI (digital object identifier) may be included on the References page. If you provide a hyperlink to a web address, make sure that the hyperlink goes directly to the source. If a hyperlink does not go directly to the source or cannot be accessed without having to sign into an account, please do not include those types of hyperlinks on the References page. Please do not use the phrase “Retrieved from” on the References page in this paper. It is not necessary to indicate the date on which you “retrieved” a source. For sources that do not have a publication date, you should indicate the date on which you “accessed” the source. Sources of information, such as an international agreement, cited in footnotes do not need to be listed on the References page. Please do not refer to the References page as “Works Cited”.
Global Ban on Nuclear Weapons
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